Jared Kushner, the trump administration official who participated in the negotiations of the agreement, told CBS News that the deal would make the Middle East more peaceful and hopeful, meaning fewer U.S. troops would have to be deployed in the region.  Foreign Affairs Minister Mike Pompeo said the agreement was an important step toward stabilizing the region and was good for the world.  The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has warned the United Arab Emirates that it will have dangerous consequences for the agreement. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called the agreement a „huge mistake“ and warned the United Arab Emirates that Israel was not safe in the Gulf. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif spoke of a betrayal of Arab and non-Arab countries in the Middle East. A group of protesters with less than 100 residents gathered in front of the VaE Embassy in Tehran on 15 August, chanting „Death to America“ and „Death to Israel“. Protesters also burned Israel`s flag.  The conservative newspaper Kayhan, whose editor-in-chief is appointed by Iran`s Supreme Leader, warned that the agreement had made the United Arab Emirates a „legitimate and simple objective.“  In a speech on Saturday, Rohani said the UAE had made a „huge mistake“ in reaching an agreement to normalize relations with Israel, and called it a betrayal of the Gulf state.
On August 13, when U.S. President Donald Trump proclaimed the Abraham Agreement, which normalized relations between the United Arab Emirates and Israel, the world recognized this as a historic moment. In Iran, too, the agreement was seen as a serious threat. In a remarkable unanimous demonstration, several leaders of the political establishment denounced the agreement and warned of its consequences. It was a signal of an imminent and inevitable change in Iran`s strategy. The Turkish Foreign Ministry condemned the agreement and said that the history and people of the Middle East were neither forgiven nor forgotten about what the United Arab Emirates was doing and that it was a violation of the 2002 Arab peace initiative. She called the uae`s behavior hypocritical and added that the Palestinians opposed the agreement.  President Recep Tayyip Erdogan then said that Turkey was considering suspending or severing diplomatic relations with the United Arab Emirates in retaliation and recalling its ambassador from Abu Dhabi.  The agreement was a major political reversal for Mr. Netanyahu, who has long insisted on the expansion of settlements in the occupied West Bank, with the aim of annexing the territory. Mr. Netanyahu was under political pressure to be flexible, as three new elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021.
In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that West Bank settlements were not contrary to international law, a decision that threatened the two-state solution, long seen as the key to a lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, developed by Jared Kushner, the president`s top adviser, and published in January 2020, endorsed Mr. Netanyahu`s plan to reintegate existing settlements. After Yousef Al Otaiba, the ambassador of the United Arab Emirates, wrote a statement in June 2020 in which he warned that the annexation would threaten better relations between Israel and the Arab world, Kushner saw an opportunity and intervened to facilitate the talks. After the negotiators agreed, Mr. Trump, Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi`s crown prince, Mohammed bin Zayed, held a conference call just before an official announcement.      The Standardization Agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, officially the Abraham Peace Agreement: Peace Agreement, Diplomatic Relations and Complete Normalization between the United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel was initially agreed in a joint statement by the United States, Israel and the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates) on August 13, 2020, officially appealing